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About the island

Geography Martinique

martinique geography

The island measure approximately 65Km long and 30Km across. Predominantly (43%) covered by forest.

Formed by centuries of volcanic activity, Martinique’s highest point is Mt Pelee, an active volcano at the northern tip of the island reaching 1397 metres.Mt Pelee last erupted in 1902 destroying the historic capital city of Saint Pierre:

Map of Martinique vulcano montagne pelee martinica montagne du carbet Martinique

The mountainous north of the island offers spectacular tropical forests, waterfalls and trekking trails. .

Black volcanic sand covers the beaches of this region supporting small fishing villages that line the water’s edge.

The Pitons du Carbet, a spectacular mountain chain reaching 1207 m dominates the central zone of the island.<s

Robert Bay and its little islands in the north of Martinique geography southern atlantic coast of Martinique table du diable view from Anse Trabaud south Martinique

In the south of the island the climate is dryer and the tourist industry flourishes along Martinique’s most spectacular beaches. The hinterland is intensely cultivated by fields and pastures.

The principal tourist towns and villages are found along the south occidental coast, from Trois Ilets to Sainte Anne, where it is the most sunny and well protected from storms.

The island supports a well maintained road network which allows you to visit any part of the island within a couple of hours from the capital Fort de France.

Lamentin is the second most important city in Martinique. The nearby international airport, commercial centre and facilities make this the most densely populated part of the island.

Other population centres include Le Robert , Le Francois, Le Vauclin and Le Marin.

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